Why you really should take off work on Friday

Got your PTO yet? If not, chances are you will soon.

PTO is probably coming to a company near you. It will bring changes both good and potentially annoying.

More than half of all companies offer employees PTO, or paid time off, instead of a set number of vacation days, sick days, and so on. If you're never quite sure how to count time off for religious holidays or children's soccer tournaments, this promises to simplify your life.

If you're hankering for a long weekend (in US July 4 happens to fall on a Thursday this year - it's a public holiday there.) taking off July 5 suddenly looks a lot easier.

Paid time off may have another effect, though. If your sick days, personal days, and vacation days all draw down your bank of free time, you may be less likely to take a day off when you are a little under the weather. That could boost your productivity – but it could also put you and your co–workers at risk of getting truly sick.

"Employees are making choices before they decide to call in sick," said Evren Esen, manager of the Society for Human Resource Management's survey research center, which has looked at the prevalence of paid time off banks.

Saving paid time off can work well for you if your employer lets you hold on to all your unused days. And many employers do allow employers to roll at least some unused days into the next year. A study by WorldatWork, a human resources association, found that most companies allowed employees to roll over at least some of their unused time into the next year, and only 11 percent made them forfeit it entirely.

But a new survey by SHRM found that companies are becoming less inclined to let you take your time with you when you leave your employer. Just 9 percent of employers allow employees to cash out unused vacation time when they leave their jobs, down from 13 percent in 2012 and 18 percent in 2010.

"It may be decreasing because of economic reasons. It does cost extra," said Esen.

So, given the choice, if you're mulling whether to take Friday off or bank it, it may be a better bet to plan on having the full four-day weekend.

At BART, the San Francisco area's transit system, where workers are now on strike over issues including wages, a group of senior managers have accumulated a combined total of 69 years–yes, years–of unused vacation and holiday time worth nearly $8 million. The agency's former general manager, who resigned under pressure in 2011, was BART's highest paid employee last year despite not working at all because she was having her unused time paid out, according to the San Jose Mercury News.

Plenty of people wind up with unused time off for good reason, of course. You may be unusually hardy, or you could be working hard on a big project, and finish the year with extra days.

But with fewer employers allowing carryovers of unused time, you have shrinking reasons to hoard it. After all, if you can't use the time later, why wait?

Teachers in Toronto appear to have figured that out. After the provincial government stopped allowing school employees to save unused sick time, teacher absences spiked 22 percent over the previous year.

Esen stopped well short of recommending that you stay home on July 5 - but she did acknowledge that saving days may not be your best plan.

"I would say especially for vacation time, that employees should utilize that time because the organization is giving them that time so they can rest and relax and come back to work refreshed," she said. "It's not required by organizations in the U.S. to provide vacation or sick leave or any paid time off. It is a benefit that employees should take advantage of."

Sounds like it's time to pack your beach bag.

Are you decided now?

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